Refers to the protected characteristic of race. to a group of people defined by their race, colour, and nationality (including citizenship) ethnic or national origins.
In the Equality Act, race can represent colour, or nationality (including your citizenship). It can also mean ethnic or national origins, which may not be the same as current nationality, e.g., having Chinese national origins, residing in Britain with a British passport.
A racial group can be made up of two or more distinct racial groups, for example black Britons, British Asians, British Sikhs, British Jews, Romany Gypsies, and Irish Travellers.
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The Equality and Human Rights Commission also offers useful advice on race discrimination.