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CAREED (Centre for African Research on Enterprise and Economic Development) is a unique centre of excellence within Scotland which will initially focus on 4 areas of interest which reflect the current research interests of academic staff, namely: commodities and exporting; enterprise and entrepreneurship; logistics and supply chain management; governance and ethics; and microfinance and social business.

This concentration will evolve over time as the Centre expands and develops.

Professor John Struthers | Director of CAREED for UWS | University of the West of Scotland

Professor John Struthers, Director of CAREED

Dr. Dina Nziku | Steering Committee of CAREER | University of the West of Scotland

Dr. Dina Nziku, Member (Steering Committee of CAREED)

Dr Adebisi Adewole | Steering Committee of CAREED | University of the West of Scotland

Dr Adebisi Adewole Member (Steering Committee of CAREED)

Our vision

Our vision for CAREED is based on two main foundations:

Firstly, our vision reflects the current economic transformation that a number of African economies are experiencing (according to organisations such as the IMF and the World Bank). In that context, CAREED is well placed to conduct high level and applied research in the areas of enterprise and economic development to contribute to that process. 

Secondly, we have an unrivalled group of staff and PhD students who are either from the continent or are studying various aspects of African economic development within the School of Business & Creative Industries.

CAREED Members Discussing UWS Vision | UWS | University of the West of Scotland

Professor John Struthers, Director, CAREED

UWS CAREED Members Celebrating UWS Vision | University of the West of Scotland

Professor John Struthers and Yousaf Hamza MSP

Conferences & Events

CAREED has held many conferences over the last few years on the broad theme of enterprise and economic development in Africa. These conferences relate to African economic development: Commodities and Trade; African Enterprise; Logistics and Supply Chain: and Governance, Microfinance, and HR. 

CAREED's 5th Annual Conference

Enterprise and Economic Development in Africa: Growing Healthy Entrepreneurial Ecosystems

25-26 June 2020


Find out more about CAREED 2020
UWS Centre For African Research on Enterprise & Economic Development Member Picture

Kenyan Delegation at CAREED conference

CAREED Members Discussing UWS Vision | University of the West of Scotland

Former High Commissioner of Cameroon to UK, Berhanu Ekaney meets Yousaf Hamza, Scottish MSP

CAREED conference African Debate.

Africa Debate - CAREED conference

Careed conference prizegiving event showing CAREED Prof. John Struthers (Director), Dr Adebisi Adewole (Deputy Director) and conference participant.

CAREED confernce prizegiving ceremony

Careed conference prizegiving event showing CAREED Prof. John Struthers (Director), Dr Adebisi Adewole (Deputy Director) and conference participant.

CAREED confernce prizegiving ceremony

CAREED conference dinner.

CAREED conference dinner

Previous CAREED Conferences

CAREED has hosted a number of international conferences since its inception in 2014. Below are the names and dates of these conferences.

CAREED 1st Annual Conference 2015

Thursday 12th and Friday 13th November 2015

Theme: African Enterprise and Economic Development: A proud History, A Promising Future

CAREED 2nd Annual Conference 2017

Thursday 6th April and Friday 7th April 2017

Theme: Nurturing Entrepreneurship and Economic Development in Africa

CAREED 3rd Annual Conference 2018

Thursday 31st May and Friday 1st June 2018

Theme: Transforming Barriers to Effective Economic Development in Africa into Enablers

CAREED 4th Annual Conference 2019

Thursday Wednesday 29th – Friday 31st May 2019

Theme: Enterprise and Economic Development in Africa: Challenges and Opportunities

CAREED Updates

For a complete overview of research activities involing UWS staff, please also refer to our research portal.

UWS Research portal

Recent Research Bids

  • CAREED researchers are seeking to improve the livelihoods and nutrition in Rwanda through a ground-breaking new aquaponics research project. They have embarked on the unique pilot project that is targeting a 50 per cent increase in productivity in the sector. In fact, they think it could help as many as 80,000 farmers across 2,000 farms to reduce food shortages within 10 years. UWS's CAREED and social enterprise collaborators NjordFrey, who are based in Rwanda, were recently awarded a grant of £283,774 by the Department for International Development (DFID) / Innovate-UK for the 18-month feasibility study. Find more on this story on our News section.

  • Successful joint bid with UWS School of Computing and Engineering for project on upgrading enterprise skills of female handicraft entrepreneurs in Uganda. Funding by The Royal Academy of Engineering.
  • Professor John Struthers in conjunction with the School of Science and Sport and external agents, Diaspora Community Support Services welcomed a delegation of government officials from Kenya. The delegates were in Scotland for two weeks in February and undertook CPD training courses in environmental topics. The course was funded by the World Bank and the delegates came from from the Kenyan Ministry of Housing, Transport, Environment and Urban Infrastructure.  

Recent publications

  • Adewole, A. and Struthers J. J. (2018) "Logistics and Global Value Chains in Africa: The Impact on Trade and Development",  Palgrave Macmillan: Palgrave Studies of Sustainable Business in Africa Series
  • Nziku, D. M  and Struthers, J.J (2018) "Female entrepreneurship in Africa: strength of weak ties in mitigating principal-agent problems", Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, (forthcoming in Special Issue on Entrepreneurship in Africa)
  • Struthers, J. J (2017) “Commodity price volatility: an evolving principal-agent problem”, in Future Fragmentation Processes; Effectively Engaging with the Ascendancy of Global Value Chains, ed by Keane, J and Baimbill-Johnson, R, Commonwealth Secretariat, London
  • Harrison, C, Burnard, K and Paul, S (2018) “Entrepreneurial leadership in a developing country: skill based analysis, (forthcoming in Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development)
  • Harrison, C (2018), Book on Leadership published by Palgrave Macmillan, London;
    Nziku, D (2017), co-author of book chapter in book on Female Entrepreneurship, published by Edward Elgar, London

Recent & Current Doctoral Students' Research Topics

  • Olamide Olusegun
    • Public Sector Procurement and Documentation in Nigeria
  • Ayodele Adetuyi
    • National Policy and Corporate Sector Development: A study of Agriculture Development in Western Nigeria
  • Kingsley Nnamdi Emeana
    • Coffee Price Volatility hedging using a single-step model
  • Beatrice Isah Dara
    • Can Trade Openness Improve the Human Development Index of the lowest Sub-Saharan African Countries?
  • Azeez Abiola Oyedele
    • Price Discovery in the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX): The Role of Warehouse Receipts
  • Kolade Abimbola Nasir
    • Energy Infrastructure Financing in Developing Countries and Project Finance in the Nigerian Energy Sector
  • Tope Falade
    • Implementing Industrial Ecology in the Nigerian Free Trade Zone

Collaborations & Networks

We collaborate with both academic and non-academic institutions across the world. A few of CAREED collaborations are with the following:

  • Department for International Development (DFiD), United Kingdom
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
  • Development Studies Association (DSA) Scotland Study Group, University of Strathclyde
  • The Ethiopian High Commission, London United Kingdom
  • Cameroon High Commission, London United Kingdom
  • Africa Forum Scotland - Next Step Initiative – (NSI)
  • Heart for the City of Glasgow (Rev. Dr Lukas Njenga)
  • Just Trading, Scotland (Professor John Riches)
  • Challenges Worldwide (Mr Neil Fleming)
  • Coffee Conscience, Scotland (Mr Billy Miller)
  • Innovation UK
  • Mount Kenya University, Kenya
  • University of Glasgow, Scotland UK
  • Glasgow Caledonian University, Scotland UK
  • St Andrew’s University, St Andrew’s UK

CAREED Membership


Prof John Struthers
Director of CAREED


Dr Adebisi Adewole
Deputy Director of CAREED

Dr Dina Nziku
Deputy Director of CAREED

UWS Staff Members

Professor Heather Tarbert

Dr Ahmed Beloucif

Dr David Burl

Mbusiro Chacha

Dr Toyin Coker

Dr Stephen Collins

Dr Firdu Gemech

Dr Christian Harrison

Dr Abeer Hassan

Dr Allan Moore

Ahmad Qureshi

PhD student members

Abdulmonem Esaudi

Christian Harrison

Charlotte Eba

Osikwemhe Damisah

Kingsley N. Emeana

Kingsley Obinna Omeihe


Professor Jacinta Nwachukwu
Lancashire School of Business and Enterprise , University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK

Dr Samuel Gayi
Retired UNCTAD Director, Special Unit Commodities – United Nations, Geneva – Switzerland

Dr Alice Nicole Sindzingre
National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) France

UWS PhD Candidate Members

Kingsley N. Emeana

Charlotte Eba

Amina Abdessalam

Ayodele Adetuyi

Imene El Azzaoui

Adefunke Emeagwali

Inyang Nyongessien

Olamide Olusegun

Abdul-Hakeem Raji

Associate Members

Dr Isaac Amaoko
Liverpool John More University

Dr Thandi Mtetwa

Kingsley Obinna Omeihe
Edinburgh Napier University

Henry Eze
Strathclyde University

Willie Mambwe
University of the West of Scotland

Professor John Adams
British University of Egypt

Lucas Njenga

Overseas Associate Members

Professor Aniebiet Inyang Ntui

Phelisa Njeru
Mount Kenyan University

Doris Mavuta
Mount Kenyan University

Michael Oluwasogo Olatunbosun
Splash FM Nigeria

Oluwaseun Akinola
Splash FM Nigeria

CAREED Membership Benefits

As a member of the centre, you will be part of a network of professionals with good solid foundation of African experience and research expertise focused on commodities and exporting, enterprise, logistics, supply and value chains, government, ethics, microfinance, social business and economic development.

You will have the opportunity to gain knowledge and share your expertise and experience through our seminar, workshops, conferences and other events. In addition members can publish their articles with our working paper series and will have access to our high quality research done by our expertise in different fields.

The centre will provide a mutually supportive environment and structure in which PhD student research career can be nurtured and supported. This will be together with support for attending and presenting in conference and workshops, opportunities to engage in teaching, participation in centre workshops, seminars and all the academic conferences that will be organised by the CAREED. In the long run possibly internship opportunities in companies and public sector organisation with an interest in Africa.

All the CAREED members will be entitled for a special discount fees in the writing retreats that will be organised by a full qualified and formally trained organiser.

CAREED Membership Form

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Download the CAREED Associate Membership form here.

Membership Form

Contact us 


Business School
University of the West of Scotland

Let others know

Last updated: 20/02/2020

Latest CAREED tweets

2 days ago

The 5th annual conference @careed_uws is taking place on the 9th of Dec, 2020. Join us online. ‘Enterprise and Econ…

2 days ago

RT @UniWestScotland: The fifth annual @CAREED_UWS conference is this year taking place online 💻 Find out more about the line up for this y…

Search Research System

PURE is the University's research information management system and provides a single source of research information for UWS. It is used to record and manage research activity with details of research outputs, funding applications, conference contributions, external impact and staff profiles.